When I was growing up in the 80's and 90's, special education looked a lot different than it does today. I remember that the students that were identified as "special needs" were separated from the general education classroom. We only saw them during lunch. For most, disabilities were apparent because many had distinct physical appearances or behaviors that made them stand out. Today, special education looks a lot different. Most special education students are being integrated into the general education classroom setting. Over the years, there have been changes in policies and laws that have resulted in more students qualifying for modifications and accommodations that address their specific physical and emotional needs.
The Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA) was established in 1965. It governs how early intervention, special education services, and related services are provided by state and public agencies. IDEA is a national law that makes available a free, appropriate, public education (FAPE) for eligible children with disabilities. FAPE also ensures special education and related services for those children. Eligibility to receive these services, school performance must be adversely affected by the following conditions:
A student with an emotional disturbance may have a diagnosis of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), behavior disorder, depressive disorder, or an anxiety disorder. Accommodations for these conditions may vary. A good portion of students have more than one diagnosis. Students that have these conditions can benefit from environmental, academic, instructional and/or sensory accommodations and modifications.
Hidden disabilities are everywhere. Can you see them? Maybe not.
For more information, contact us at firstname.lastname@example.org or your child’s school counselor.
-Tamera Bradford, Founder/CEO
Individual With Disabilities Education Act. (2019). About IDEA. Retrieved from Individual With Disabilities Education Act Web site: https://sites.ed.gov/idea/about-idea/
Individual with Disabilities Education Act. (2017, July 11). Sec. 300.8 Child with a disability. Retrieved from Individual with Disabilities Education Act Web site: https://sites.ed.gov/idea/regs/b/a/300.8